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    [DK书籍].reptiles(look.closer).pdf

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    [DK书籍].reptiles(look.closer).pdf

    flexpaper.studylead.comReptilesLook CloserooA Dorling Kindersley Bookflexpaper.studylead.comText by Sue MalyanEditor Fleur StarSenior designer Janet AllisPublishing manager Susan LeonardManaging art editor Clare SheddenJacket design Simon OonPicture researcher Sarah MillsProduction Luca BazzoliDTP Designer Almudena DazFirst published in Great Britain in 2005 byDorling Kindersley Limited80 Strand, London WC2R 0RLA Penguin Company2 4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3 1Copyright 2005 Dorling Kindersley Limited, LondonA CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retri system,or transmitted in any or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.ISBN 1-4053-1167-3Colour reproduction by Colourscan, SingaporePrinted and bound in China by Hung HingDiscover more atwww.dk.comLONDON, NEW YORK, MUNICH, MELBOURNE, and DELHILook out for us. We willshow you the size of everyanimal in this book.flexpaper.studylead.comContents6 Spot and snap8 Can you spot me10 Slither, slither12 A bite to eat14 Open wide16 Splash and grab18 Slowcoach20 Sunbathers22 Hunting for dinner23 Index and Glossaryflexpaper.studylead.comSpot andsnapCreeping slowly out of its burrow, this spottedsalamander is looking to snap up its dinner.Didyouknow...IthinkI’vespotteddinner.6My long, thinshape helps meto burrow intothe ground.... A salamander likes to live in ashady place to helpits skin stay wet. Ifits skin dried out, it would die.flexpaper.studylead.comWhen I spot aninsect or a worm,I quickly snap itup in my jaws.Spotted salamanders cangrow between 11 cm 41⁄2 in and 24 cm 91⁄2 in long.7If I am attacked,a nasty-tastingpoison oozesfrom my skin.flexpaper.studylead.comCanyouspotmeslurp8After I’ve eaten, I give my face a goodwash with my tongue.This Madagascan day gecko’sbrightly coloured skin hides itperfectly among the greenleaves of its rainforest home.The Madagascan daygecko is a type of lizard.It can grow to 30 cm 12 in long.flexpaper.studylead.comDidyou know...scaly... That a gecko’stail comes off If agecko gets attacked,it can run away and leave its tailbehind.9My toes grip so well that Ican run upside-down alongthe underneath of branches.flexpaper.studylead.comSlither,slitherFrogs and newts need towatch out when this grasssnake comes looking for food. If it catches a victim, it swallows it alive and wholeI’m not poisonous,but if I wave myhead and hiss I can look reallyfrightening.Slow wormsare around50 cm 20 inlong, but grass snakes cangrow to two or three times that size.10I flick my tonguein and out to pickup smells fromthe air.I’m called a slow-worm, but I’mreally a kind of lizard with no legs.hissssssssflexpaper.studylead.comDidyouknow...... Snakes have no eyelids, so theynever blink. Theylook like they arestaring all the time.Myscalesaresmooth.11flexpaper.studylead.comAbitetoeatDon’t come too closeThese snapping turtles lookslow and harmless, butthey could easily biteoff one of yourfingers or toesDidyouknow...12... Tiny plantscalled algae growon the turtle’s shell.This helps it to hide among theswamp plants.My beak grows allthe time, so it isalways sharp andready to bite.I’m not a goodswimmer, so Iusually walk alongunder the water.flexpaper.studylead.comIt’s hard to see me at thebottom of thecreek or swamp.These turtles grow fast, fromjust 12 cm 5 in aged two to 35 cm 14 in aged 15.Stre-t-c-hthatneck13When a fish swimspast, I shoot out my long neck andgobble it up.flexpaper.studylead.comOpenwideOpening its huge jaws, this mangrovesnake is ready to pounce. It poisonsits prey, then swallows it whole. 14I inject poison intomy prey from my back teeth.flexpaper.studylead.comDidyouknow...Mangrove snakes can grow to 2.5 m 8 ft, three timeslonger than thered-sided gartersnake.... A snake canopen its mouthwide enough toswallow thingsbigger than its own headComehere,littlebird.15I’m a red-sided garter snake. I like to live near water.I can swim andclimb trees.flexpaper.studylead.comSplashandgrabThese caimans look like logsfloating quietly in the water.Then suddenly – splash A caiman lunges forwards and grabs its prey in its jaws.16I poke the top of myhead out of the waterto see and breathe.Once I’ve got a fish inmy teeth, it has nochance of escape.flexpaper.studylead.comI’m really tough Under my thickscales I have a layer of bonyplates that protect my body.Didyouknow...These caimans are babies just45 cm 18 in long,but adults grow tobe longerthan yourbed.17... A caiman can’t chew. If itsprey is too big toswallow in one go,it rips off bite-sizedpieces. flexpaper.studylead.comSlowcoachTortoises are slow movers.They can’t run away fromenemies, so they rely ontheir shells to protect them.These desert tortoises are 36 cm 14 in long – tinycompared to theirmassive Galapagostortoise cousins, who are 1.2 m 4 ft long.18My shell is very strong. It’s made of bones that arecovered in big, horny scales. flexpaper.studylead.comDidyouknow...... The rings on a tortoise’s shellscales show its age.The more rings, the older thetortoise is. plod,plod,plod19I don’t haveany teeth, butmy jaws arevery sharp.I’m more than 100years old. I mighteven reach my200th birthday.If I’m frightened,I pull my headand legs backinto my shell.flexpaper.studylead.comSunbathersLying on a branch, thisgreen iguana warmsitself in the sunshine. Its colour helps it to hideamong the leaves.The greeniguana is 1m 3 ft longfrom nose to tail.20If someone disturbs me, I will dive into the waterbelow and swim away.I can runvery fast toescape frompredators.flexpaper.studylead.comI stick out this flap of skinwhen I want tolook big andfrightening. Didyouknow...nibblenibble21... Iguanas haveamazingly goodeyesight. They can seeanother iguana morethan 100 m 330 ftaway. flexpaper.studylead.comHuntingfordinnerSliding quickly and silently across the rocky desert, a hungry king snakelooks for a bird or lizard to eat. Didyouknow...... When a snakegrows, its skin splits and falls off.This reveals a new, bigger skinunderneath. It’s hardtofind22As I slither along, my scales gripthe ground to stop me slipping.flexpaper.studylead.comfoodouthere.23Sometimes I have towait a long time for mymeal, but I can go fordays without eating.beak 12caiman 16-17eyes 11, 21, 23grass snake 10-11green iguana 20-21jaws 7, 14, 15, 16, 19king snake 22-23lizard 6-7, 8-9, 10, 20-21Madagascan day gecko 8-9mangrove snake 14-15neck 13poison 7, 10, 14red-sided garter snake 15salamander 6-7scales 17, 18, 22shell 12, 18, 19skin 6, 7, 8, 21, 22slow worm 10snake 10-11, 14-15, 22-23snapping turtle 12-13teeth 14, 16toes 9tongue 8, 10tortoise 18-19water 12, 13, 15, 16, 20IndexGlossaryBurrow an undergroundhole that an animal lives in.It is also the action of diggingthe hole.Creek a small, narrow partof a sea, river, or lake thatcomes inland. Also called a brook.Poison a liquid or othersubstance that kills or harmsan animal if the animaltouches or eats it. Predator an animal thathunts and kills other animalsto eat.Prey creatures an animalhunts for food.Rainforest a tropical forestthat has a lot of rainfall. Itsvery tall trees a canopyall year round. Reptile an animal class thatincludes crocodiles, lizards,snakes, and turtles. They liveon land or in water, and lay eggs.Swamp soggy land that issometimes covered in water.A king snakeis between1m 3 ftand 2 m 6 ft long,but it canswallow prey bigger than itself.I can’t see very well. I only spot things thatare moving around. flexpaper.studylead.com

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