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    [DK书籍].Sea.Creatures.(Look.Closer).pdf

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    [DK书籍].Sea.Creatures.(Look.Closer).pdf

    Sea creaturesLook CloserooA Dorling Kindersley Bookflexpaper.studylead.comLONDON, NEW YORK, MUNICH, MELBOURNE, and DELHIText by Sue MalyanEditor Caroline BinghamSenior art editor Janet AllisPublishing manager Susan LeonardManaging art editor Clare SheddenJacket design Simon OonPicture researcher Sarah MillsProduction Luca BazzoliDTP Designer Almudena DazFirst published in Great Britain in 2005 byDorling Kindersley Limited80 Strand, London WC2R 0RLA Penguin Company2 4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3 1Copyright 2005 Dorling Kindersley Limited, LondonA CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retri system,or transmitted in any or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner.ISBN 1-4053-1168-1Colour reproduction by Colourscan, SingaporePrinted and bound in China by Hung HingDiscover more atwww.dk.comflexpaper.studylead.comContentsLook out for us. We willshow you the size of everyanimal in this book.6 Mobile home8 An inky trail10 Feeling my way12 Crusty crab14 Look No head16 Snappy shells18 Look No arms20 Sea stars22 Open wide23 Index and Glossaryflexpaper.studylead.comMobilehomeThis hermit crab dragsits home wherever itgoes. It finds a shell tolive in, then hides insidewith just its head andfront legs poking out.This shell once belongedto a whelk. It was just theright size, so I moved in.6This hermit crab’s bodyreaches up to 10 cm 4 in in length. As itgrows, it findslarger shells to move into.flexpaper.studylead.comDidyouknow...... If a hermit crab is scared, ithides in its shell. It uses its biggestpincer to nip an attacker.7I can see all aroundbecause my eyesare on stalks. Mmm, a deadfish - just what I fancy for mybreakfast.munchmunchflexpaper.studylead.comAninkytrailWhoosh An octopus has been startled, so it has squirted a cloud ofblack ink into the water.Now it shoots off to hide in its home under a pile of rocks.8I suck in water, thensquirt it out of this funnelto push me along.I use my arms towalk and to catchcrabs and shellfishfor my dinner.swishswooshThiscommonoctopus is 1 m 3 ftlong.flexpaper.studylead.comThis is my eye. My pupil is slit-shaped, not round like yours.Didyouknow...9I grip my preywith these rowsof suckers.... An octopus can change colour.If it is frightened itturns white, and if it is angry it turns blue.flexpaper.studylead.comFeelingmywayThis strawberry shrimp lives on a coral reef, hiding amongthe corals or in a burrow inthe sand. Its long feelers, or antennae, help it to find food.I use my claws forpicking up food anddigging in the sand.If I lose a claw, I cangrow another one.10nipThis shrimp is 5 cm 2 inlong. It is alsocalled a bloodor fire shrimp.nipflexpaper.studylead.comDidyouknow...... Fish visit thisshrimp to becleaned up. Theshrimp eats the tinycreatures that liveon their scales. 11My skeleton growson the outside of mybody, like a shell.I have two pairs ofantennae to helpme find food.flexpaper.studylead.comCrustycrabScuttling around a rockpool, a pie-crust crab islooking for food. It gets itsname from the top partof its shell, which lookslike the pastry on a pie.crunchcrunchcrunch12The colours of my shellhelp me to hide amongthe pebbles.I have two hugepincers forgrabbing my food.An adult pie-crust crabmeasures about15 cm 6 inacross its shell.That’s about the size of your hand.flexpaper.studylead.comI eat shrimps and mussels. My mouth is sharp to help mebite through their shells.Didyouknow...13... During her life, the female crab lays atleast three millioneggs. Only a fewsurvive to be adults.flexpaper.studylead.comThe world’s largest sea cucumber is about 2 m 6 ft long.Most are smaller. Thisone is about 12 cm5 in long.Myskinistoughandspiny.14I use the sticky tentaclesaround my mouth tocatch my food.This strange-looking animalis a sea cucumber. It has nohead or eyes, just a mouthand a flexible body. Look NoheadI feel around for tinyplants and animals.flexpaper.studylead.comMy mouth is hidden in the middle of my tentacles. Didyouknow...15These tiny tubes are myfeet. I use them to pushmyself along slowly.... A sea cucumber breathes throughits bottom It usesthe same hole tobreathe and get rid of waste.stickypricklyflexpaper.studylead.comSnappyshellsLying on the seabed, a group of queen scallops are waiting fortheir next meal to float past. Theytrap tiny plants in the wavinghairs around their shells.Didyouknow...... You can tell a scallop’s age bycounting the ridgeson its shell. Themore ridges, theolder it is.16I swim along by opening andshutting my shell, a bit likeyou clapping your hands.snapsnapflexpaper.studylead.comopen,shut,open,shut17I’ve got rows of eyes,but I can’t see well. I only sense light andthings that move.These queen scallopsreach 9 cm 3 1⁄2 in.flexpaper.studylead.comLookNoarmsThese seahorses live on acoral reef. They can changecolour to match the corals,which helps them to hide.I hang ontight withmy tail.Seahorsesare small.These ones willgrow to just12 cm 5 inin length.18I can suck up whole shrimp in my mouth, which isshaped like a straw.suckslurpflexpaper.studylead.comDidyouknow...... Seahorses eat all day long. A young one canhoover up as manyas 3,500 shrimp in one day19I move around bybeating the fin on myback, and I steer withtwo fins on my head. I’m a grape coral. Don’t touch me, or I’ll sting you with mypoisonous tentacles.flexpaper.studylead.comSeastarsDid you know that if astarfish or a brittle starloses an arm, they justgrow another I’m called a brittle star. I move around by wrigglingmy arms from side to side.This scarletserpentbrittle star’sarms reach15 cm 6 in.I’mtoospinytoeat20I trap shrimp and otherfood in the spinesalong my arms.wrigglewriggleflexpaper.studylead.comDidyouknow...... Starfish eatmussels andscallops. They pulltheir victims’ shellsapart with theirstrong arms.21I have an eyeon the end ofeach arm. flexpaper.studylead.comOpenwideThis beautifully coloured shellbelongs to a giant blue clam.It can open and shut its shell,but it can’t moveabout.22At 15 cm 6 in,this clam is quite small, butgiant clams cangrow to be 1 m 3 ft across. squirtflexpaper.studylead.comMy greenpatches aretiny plantscalled algae.I eat them Didyouknow...... Sometimes ablue clam makes apearl. It can growto be as big as agolf ball 23I open my shell to feed,and shut it tight if I am frightened.I suck in waterand outwaste throughtwo big tubescalled siphons.algae 23antennae 11brittle star 19clam 22coral 19crabpie-crust 12-13hermit 6-7fin 19hermit crab 6-7ink 8octopus 8-9pie-crust crab 12-13pincers 7, 12scallops 16-17sea cucumber 14-15sea horses 18-19shell 6, 7, 12, 16, 22shrimp 10-11siphon 23starfish 21suckers 9tentacles 14, 15, 19IndexGlossaryAlgae are simple plants.Seaweeds are types of algae. Antennae feelers that acreature uses to sense where it is or to find food.Coral is made up of tinyanimals called polyps. Millionsof polyps join together to a coral reef.Fin a flattened limb used byfish to move or changedirection.Pearl a hard, round substance.A pearl s inside somemolluscs around a grain of sand.Poison a liquid or othersubstance that kills or harmsan animal if the animaltouches or eats it.Suckers cup-shaped padsthat stick to surfaces, helpinga creature to grip.Siphon a tube that a seacreature uses to suck in orsend out seawater.Tentacles a long arm usedfor touching, feeding, andsmelling.flexpaper.studylead.comflexpaper.studylead.com

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